Ukraine gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since veered between seeking closer integration with Western Europe and being drawn into the orbit of Russia, which sees its interests as threatened by a Western-leaning Ukraine.
Europe’s second largest country, Ukraine is a land of wide, fertile agricultural plains, with large pockets of heavy industry in the east.
While Ukraine and Russia share common historical origins, the west of the country has closer ties with its European neighbours, particularly Poland, and nationalist sentiment is strongest there.
Ukraine became embroiled in war in 2014 when pro-Russian separatists seized regions in the east
A significant minority of the population uses Russian as its first language, particularly in the industrialised east. In Crimea, an autonomous republic on the Black Sea that was part of Russia until 1954, ethnic Russians make up about 60% of the population.
At a glance
- Politics: Mass protests force out pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych in 2014. Russian-backed separatists seize cities in the east, prompting local war
- Economy: Dependence on steel exports makes Ukraine vulnerable to global financial turmoil. Months of political chaos have left the country short of funds
- International: Russian annexation of Crimea and promotion of separatism in the east put Ukraine at heart of a stand-off between Moscow and West
Russia once again seized and annexed Crimea in March 2014, amid the chaos following the fall of President Viktor Yanukovych, plunging European into its worst diplomatic crisis since the Cold War.
In 1932-1933, Stalin’s programme of enforced agricultural collectivisation brought famine and death to millions in Ukraine, the bread basket of the USSR. Not until its twilight years did the Soviet Union acknowledge the extent of the suffering.
News of another Soviet-era calamity, the 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station, rang alarm bells around the world immediately. About 8% of Ukraine’s territory was contaminated as were large areas in neighbouring Belarus. Millions have suffered as a result.
The first president after independence, former Communist Party leader Leonid Kravchuk, presided over rapid economic decline and runaway inflation.
His successor, Leonid Kuchma, oversaw a steady economic recovery, but was accused by the opposition of conceding too much to Russian economic interests.
This opposition to Mr Kuchma grew, further fed by discontent at media censorship, manipulation of the political system and cronyism.
The authorities’ attempt to rig the 2004 presidential elections led to the “Orange Revolution”, with reference to the colour of the main opposition movement.
Europe or Russia?
Mass protests, a revolt by state media against government controls and the fracturing of the governing coalition brought in European-Union mediation and a re-run of the election.
The euphoria of the Orange Revolution protesters gave way to disappointment as its leaders squabbled once in power
A fragile alliance of anti-Kuchma forces united behind pro-Western former prime minister Viktor Yushchenko, who won the presidency.
Mr Yushchenko succeeded in carrying out some democratic reform, but moves towards Nato and EU membership were slowed by divided public opinion in Ukraine and Western reluctance to antagonise a resurgent Russia.
Rivalry with his prime minister, Yulia Tymoshenko, soured into open antagonism, and neither proved able to cope with the worldwide economic downturn after 2008.
Their opponent in the Orange Revolution, Viktor Yanukovych, won the 2010 presidential election. He swiftly re-oriented foreign and trade policy towards Russia, clamped down on media freedom, and had various opponents, most prominently Ms Tymoshenko, imprisoned in politically-motivated trials.
Although trade with EU countries now exceeds that with Russia, Moscow is the largest individual trading partner. Ukraine depends on Russia for its gas supplies and forms an important part of the pipeline transit route for Russian gas exports to Europe.
Advantages for doing MBBS in Ukraine Specially for foreign (Indian) students
Indian students who wish to study medicine have a tremendous advantage of studying medicine at the Ukrainian Medical Universities. Consider the time, effort and cost involved in preparing for your entrance exams. At the end of it, you have a small chance of getting admission into some college in India – need not be the best colleges but it can be any college. If you study in Ukraine, the only test you need to take is the Screening Test of Medical Council of India (MCI) after completing the MBBS . Passing the Screening Test enables you to get the MCI registration to practice in India as a Medical practitioner. Once you are registered with MCI as a Medical Practitioner, you are in no way different from any doctor who has studied in India. In fact, your exposure to European systems and practices should give you a distinct edge.
The screening test is fairly simple in comparison to the competitive entrance tests one takes in India for MBBS admission.
Anybody that has done the Medical Degree from Ukraine sincerely, can easily pass the Test. Anybody studying in one of the National Universities in Ukraine will be studying medicine at a
(BNMU)- National Medical University Bogomolets,Keiv
(NPMMU)- National Pirogov Memorial Medical University,Vinnystya
(KNMU)- Karkiv Medical National University,Karkiv
(DNMU)-Donets National Medical University,Donetsk
(IFNMU)- Ivano Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano Frankivisk
offer s the finest medical education, systems and facilities comparable to the best in the world.
In addition to the National Universities, there are extremely popular State Universities like;
(LSMU) Lugansk State Medical University
(CSMU) Crimea State Medical University
(DSMA) Dnipropetrovsk State Medical University
(UMSA) Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
(TSMU) Ternopil State Medical University
Have been extremely popular with students from India and have a sizable number of Indian students joining every year, in addition to students from Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, Middle East and South East Asian countries
Significantly for an Indian student
- You don’t need to go through the gruelling, stressful routine of preparations that begins immediately after 10th standard or sometimes even earlier
- You don’t need to go through the extensive tutorial classes at all kinds of odd hours
- You don’t need to spend money on these coaching classes.
- You don’t need to appear for Common Entrance Tests
- You don’t need to stop leading a normal schooling life
- You don’t need to sacrifice anything
- You don’t need to have any uncertainty about you admission
All you need to have is
- An interest and commitment towards studying medicine
- The passion to become a competent medical professional of international standards
- A desire to expand your academic spheres internationally
What you will have by studying in Ukraine is
- You are exposed to European Union Standards when you study at Ukraine.
- Your class strength is not high like in India. The doctor to student ratio will be not more than 1:10
- There is no big student professor divide. Hence you can interact freely with professors and keep on clearing your doubts and increase your subject knowledge.
- You are exposed to better hospital systems
- Your education is more practical oriented than class room oriented like in India.
- While you stay at Ukraine, you have more access to other European universities and methods and you can even visit European countries and enhance your knowledge and competency.
- At the end of 6 years, you will be a full- fledged doctor of International standards and on the strength of your competence, you can attend interviews in a better way, both in India and anywhere in the world.
- You will be studying in a very multi-cultural environment that will enrich and expand your life and sense of life
- The Universities under the Ministry of Health of Ukraine are recognized by WHO, USA IMED, MCI and by most medical councils around world.
Simple Admission Process
- The admission process is very simple and straightforward.
- You can have your seat reserved in the best medical universities before completing your 12th standard final exams.
- The minimum criteria for a student to join the medical degree course is the same as the stipulation of MCI.
- The visa related work is also very simple and direct – You only need to take a medical test, have your documents translated and appear for the Visa Interview. Services of Agents associated with the embassy can be used for this to ensure that it is done smoothly.
What job can I get in India after graduating with MBBS from Ukraine ?
You can get any job that a student who has completed MBBS in India can get, because, after completing your MBBS in Ukraine, you will be taking a screening test conducted by MCI. The screening test is very easy and anyone who has finished MBBS from Ukraine properly, will have no difficulty in passing this test. When you pass this, you will be registered to practice in India as a Medical practitioner.
That means you and the Doctor who had done MBBS in India are evaluated from there on equal terms for any job opportunity both in the government and private sector. in the rapidly growing private sector only your own personal interest will matter in getting selected to the best jobs and for a student studying in the Top Universities in, Ukraine, only your own personal.