New Zealand is a wealthy Pacific nation dominated by two cultural groups: New Zealanders of European descent; and the Maori, the descendants of Polynesian settlers. It is made up of two main islands and numerous smaller ones: the North Island (known as Te Ika-a-Maui in Maori) is the more populous of the two, and is separated by the Cook Strait from the somewhat larger but much less populated South Island (or Te Waipounamu). Agriculture is the economic mainstay, but manufacturing and tourism are important and there is a world-class film industry. New Zealand has diversified its export markets and has developed strong trade links with Australia, the US, and Japan. In April 2008 it became the first Western country to sign a free trade deal with China. The precise date of early Maori settlement remains a matter of debate, but current research suggests that the first arrivals came from East Polynesia sometime in the 13th century. It was not until 1642 that Europeans became aware of the existence of the islands. British sovereignty was established under the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi – a pact between Maori chiefs and the British government over land rights. New Zealand is sparsely populated and has diverse scenery At a glance Politics: John Key led the National Party to victory in elections in 2008, 2011 and 2014 Economy: The country officially went into recession in September 2008, for the first time in ten years International: New Zealand troops have taken part in regional peacekeeping efforts and have been deployed in Afghanistan The treaty gave rise to land claims which culminated in the “New Zealand Wars”, a series of skirmishes between colonial forces and Maori in the North Island. The government awarded money and land in settlements during the 1990s, but the land issue remains controversial. Maori New Zealanders make up 15.4 per cent of the current population. The landscape is diverse, and sometimes spectacular. This has fuelled tourism; visitors are drawn to the glacier-carved mountains, lakes, beaches and thermal springs. Because of the islands’ geographical isolation, much of the flora and fauna is unique to the country. New Zealand plays an active role in Pacific affairs. It has constitutional ties with the Pacific territories of Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau. New Zealand boasts a world-class film industry Its troops served in East Timor when violence broke out in the territory in 1999 and were part of a multinational force intended to restore order to the Solomon Islands in 2003. Further afield, New Zealand forces have backed peacekeeping and development efforts in Afghanistan. But its anti-nuclear stance – including a ban on nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed vessels from its waters – put it at odds with the US in the 1980s. In the 1980s the government embarked on a dramatic and controversial economic reform programme, which lifted controls on wages, prices and interest rates and removed agricultural subsidies. A significant amount of New Zealand’s electricity is generated by hydropower sources and the country has a range of renewable energy sources at its disposal. Migration patterns have changed, with most incomers coming from Asia and Pacific island states, rather than from the UK and Australia.
New Zealand is an island nation in the south-western Pacific Ocean. This beautiful country is famous for its mountainous geography and Kiwi, an endemic flightless bird.
Beside the indigenous people, New Zealand is home to immigrants from all across the globe. Since ancient period, New Zealand became abode to Maori tribal people followed by European settlers from Britain, Ireland and Australia and a significant number of Dutch, Italian and German, South Africa and North & South America immigrants.
With gradual passage of time now more than 25% of New Zealand population is immigrants especially from Asia including China, India, The Philippines and South Korea.
Immigration Rules and Procedures:
Nowadays Immigration to New Zealand Service is looking after by New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment department. Its service includes managing the benefits and consequences of immigration to New Zealand.
Under the New Zealand government’s Immigration Act 2009, a visa is must and it is a legal authority for an individual to travel to, or stay in New Zealand. Visa has certain conditions which must be fulfilled by each and every person to whom the visa has been issued.
Similar to Australia, New Zealand has to categories of visa namely Permanent and Temporary visas.
For permanent visa:
If person wants to get a permanent residence visa there are five main ways to immigrate to New Zealand such as
- Skilled migrant category– for those people who have the skills, qualifications and experience according to New Zealand needs.
- Work to residence category– for those people who
- Are qualified in occupations that are in demand in New Zealand, or
- Have a job offer from an accredited employer, or
- Have exceptional talent in sports or the arts.
- Residence from work category – for people who are already in New Zealand on a Work to Residence visa, and want to apply for residence.
For Temporary visa:
If person wants to work in New Zealand temporarily then you must fulfill certain requirements such as
- must have a good health and good character, and
- have a passport that is valid for at least three months past the date a person is to leave New Zealand, and
- be genuine in wanting to work in New Zealand, and
- have the right visa for visit.
- must be acceptable under the sections 15 or 16 of the Immigration Act 2009,
While your temporary stay in New Zealand you must follow certain conditions or else you have to leave the nation immediately. Some of the basic conditions are as follows:
- the work a person is engage in must be in line with the conditions specified in the visa
- the person must keep within New Zealand’s laws
- the person must only stay in New Zealand for the time allowed by your visa.